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HIV AIDS Bill 2014 Review , Highlights, History , Reason, Aim

HIV AIDS Bill 2014 Review

HIV AIDS Bill 2014  Review , Highlights, History , Reason, Aim  !

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With the HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Bill, 2014, approved by the Union cabinet on Wednesday, the situation is about to change for better, hope social activists.

HIGHLIGHTS:-

  • According to the amendment, complaints of discrimination against HIV patients will now be probed in cases where they are denied health services, education, jobs or housing also .
  • “Even NACO guidelines talk against discrimination.
  • But that has hardly been followed.

AIM:-

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HIV AIDS Bill 2014  Review

  • The aim is to prevent and control the spread of HIV and AIDS.
  • Prohibit discrimination against the affected.
  • Provide for informed consent and confidentiality with regard to their treatment.
  • And place obligations on establishments to safeguard their rights, and create mechanisms for redressing complaints also .
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REASONS to Pass Bill :-

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HIV AIDS Bill 2014  Review

  • The hospitals do not directly say they are refusing because our patient is HIV infected, they give excuses, making it difficult to hold them accountable.
  • Similar is the case with schools,” added Seshu.
  • NGO Sangram has 225 children under its umbrella, all in government schools.
  • The NGO data also shows that in cases where a patient’s confidentiality about medical condition is revealed, the school refuses admission.
  • About 50 students have been admitted in private colleges since there is no government institute for higher education after much efforts.
  • In Mumbai, Goregaon-based Desire Society has 30 children at its shelter home.
  • While four children — who are not HIV positive but have lost their parents to HIV — were given admission in a Goregaon West private convent school, about 21 children who were tested HIV positive had to be admitted in BMC-run schools.
  • “Some schools are cooperative. But this is an every-year problem we face with certain schools.
  • They fear backlash from parents if they give admission to HIV child,” said Rekha Rane from the NGO.
  • According to Dr Shrikala Acharya, project director of Mumbai District Aids Control Society, the outright discrimination has reduced in last few years although few complaints keep coming to them.
  • “There are still misconceptions. In schools, if we counsel about the disease, the authority agrees to admit the child.
  • Even in health facility, instances of private centres which would earlier send HIV patients to government hospitals have now reduced,” Acharya said.
  • She, however, added that the bill will be a game changer in changing mindset of people who continue to hold that HIV-affected patients are infectious.
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REVIEW:-hiv-aids-bill-2014-review-44

HIV AIDS Bill 2014  Review

According to the Bill, the governments (central and state) shall take measures to:
  • Provide anti-retroviral therapy and infection management for persons with HIV or AIDS.
  • Facilitate their access to welfare schemes especially for women and children.
  • Formulate HIV or AIDS education communication programmes that are age appropriate, gender sensitive, and non-stigmatizing also .
  • Lay guidelines for the care and treatment of children with HIV or AIDS
  • Every person in the care and custody of the state shall have right to HIV prevention.
  • Right to testing, treatment and counseling services.
  • Cases relating to HIV positive persons should dispose in the court on a priority basis also .
  • He  duly ensuring the confidentiality.
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HIV AIDS Bill 2014

THAKS FOR READING!


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